The Relationship Between Periodontal Disease and Diabetes

Scientific research has shown that individuals diagnosed with diabetes are more likely to develop periodontal or gum disease. There are many people with Type 2 diabetes who suffer from gum disease, which begs the question, Is there is a causal relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease?

The relationship between the two conditions has to do with poor management of blood sugar levels amongst people with diabetes. If blood sugar levels are not properly managed, the patient is at risk of developing gum disease among other diabetic complications. Gum disease results from infection of the gum and the bone that holds the teeth in place. The disease often leads to pain while chewing or even loss of teeth. A diabetic person suffering from gum disease will find it hard to keep his or her blood sugar under control due to oral pain and discomfort.

There are many reasons why diabetic control is closely linked to periodontal disease. A person with poor diabetic control is likely to develop gum disease and tooth loss than one who has better diabetic control. Good diabetic control can help you fight periodontal disease among diabetics. This is because poorly managed blood sugar levels often lead to damaged nerves, blood vessels, kidneys, eyes, and gums as well. Damaged blood vessels reduce the supply of oxygen and the necessary nourishment to the gums, leaving the gums and bones vulnerable to infection. If the infection is not addressed in time through proper dental procedures, periodontal disease gradually develops in the patient’s gums. There is another reason why diabetics have a high prevalence of developing gum disease.

When blood sugar levels run out of control, the level of glucose in the saliva rises and creates a breeding ground for oral bacteria. High amounts of bacteria in the mouth increase the risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease. There are many types of bacteria thriving in glucose and these link to diabetes. Poorly controlled blood sugar leads to high levels of glucose in the mouths' fluids in which periodontal causing germs thrive. It is also worth pointing out that gum disease can lead to diabetic complications. An advanced case of gum disease can affect your natural blood sugar control and increase your chances of suffering from more diabetic complications. For instance, inflammations occurring in your gums due to periodontal disease can upset your body’s defense system and affect blood sugar control. Therefore, both diabetes and gum disease are closely linked together.

Proper control of blood sugar levels also helps to lower diabetic complications including eye and nerve damage as well as heart disease. Studies have also shown that gum disease can be prevented in a diabetic patient with proper control. It is even recommended that after being diagnosed with diabetes, you should undergo a comprehensive dental check-up including a thorough review of your gum health. Your Midtown Manhattan dentist will be able to detect signs of gum disease before it sets in and will help you avoid or manage the condition. At Contemporary & Esthetic Dentistry, you’ll get a wide range of treatment options for gum disease and other oral health problems.

* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary.